Dalmatian is a medium smooth coated breed of working and sporting ancestry, suitable for pet or work animal. He is an intelligent dog, loyal to owner(s) themselves, moderately combative, but not blatantly aggressive and livable. Its most unique feature - stains, either black, or brown. It is pure in nature and if ever released "dog smell", a faint. His short hair is changed almost all year; Regular brushing with animal comb out helps reduce shedding.
Dalmatians are a hardy species and daily care for them involves a lot of fuss. They do best in a home environment and of course, not feel well, if left outside on a chain or ignored otherwise. And the delivery, people-oriented, and enjoy the love and attention of their owners. If your idea of ​​own dog is that you can leave it outside all the time and pet him every day, When you feed, do not buy Dalmatian! Also with their short coat, they tend to be sensitive to extreme heat or cold. Reason should dictate when your Dalmatian has "had enough" and should go. Dalmatians can live in almost any home. The first concern of the Dalmatian is to be with their people, whether in apartment, house, family home or farm, it is important to receive proper training and attention. Probably the ideal would be a family house with a large fenced yard, from which it can not escape. Dalmatians are active dogs and if left to do what they chose, could wander far from home. Do not think, he may himself nameri way back! The dog must always be under control - or on a leash, or behind a fence. Dog is placed in danger wines jumped the road at the wrong time or if you live on a farm, to hang on barbed wire or be injured by farm machinery or livestock. Again, common sense should prevail regarding your own situation.
While selecting your Dalmatian: where and what 'to search
If you decide to buy a Dalmatian puppy, we advise you to check as many litters, to notice differences in appearance and temperament, observed in the breed. Exhibition puppies cost more than, which are only pet. A show puppy will be your pet, but puppy-quality pet will not be suitable for exhibition and breeding. Different breeders have different views as it comes to assessing what a pet and what an exhibition puppy and even the most promising puppy at eight weeks as an adult specimen can not develop as, as breeder predicted. Therefore, if you, that would interest you in showing or breeding Dalmatians, thoroughly acquainted with Standard Dalmatian, to understand the technical, faults and disqualifications, set for the show ring. Go to a few dog shows, to see a Dalmatian in a race and there talk to breeders and owners of dogs, which you like.
Temperament in Dalmatian breed varies widely throughout. Kind of temperament, which shows your own Dalmatian, is the result of its genetic basis and its subsequent environment and attitude to it. When looking at a litter of Dalmatian puppies for buying, it is advisable to observe them in a group, if possible. Watch her play with each other and if they are removed from their normal place to play, how fro, to examine the place, which are. The pup, which is manifested as a "bully (huliganat)”, might deal more difficult, than you want, when an adult. And back, puppy, that avoids joining in games, which scares away easily or, when you try to touch it, may be too shy, to a good pet. Best temperament is shown by the middle puppy, which shows natural curiosity, can stand in the crowd, no aggression or to withdraw, and not fighting and scratching, you answer. Although it is highly adaptable Dalmatian dog, new owner must carefully consider the kind of environment, the dog will experience in his or her home, and what would be the expected reaction of the dog in this environment in a given situation. If you have an elderly parent or very young children at home, you would like quiet, peaceful and tolerant dog. If you live alone and want a pet, to serve as a watchdog or to try his luck at the next World Frisbee Championship, you'll want more alive, energetic Dalmatian. Meet your older dog breeder and see how they behave. Breeders tend to reproduce the type of temperament, they like and could largely be made temperament of your new puppy, by seeing the adults, breeder has. Sure, training has a lot to do with how the dog will behave around people, but the basic temperament and mentality of the dog will change little with external training, if at all. A careful analysis of your specific wants and needs will lead to the selection of Dalmatian, which will suit you best and which with proper care would be your ideal companion.
Given the above, you must be very clear, it is unlikely to find pure puppy with good temperament in pet store. Most puppies in pet stores come from "puppy mills", which are large breeding farms, where females are bred almost every season and puppies are sold wholesale pet shops. These animals are not bred, taking into account the temperament and correct type, as with private breeders; they are bred only for profit. Puppies receive minimal veterinary care, no real socialization and often shipped to pet shops in cages with 8 or 10 dogs in a cage. These puppies are then distributed among local pet stores and subsequently housed, you see them in stores: in metal cages, where among other things they learn to urinate and defecate right, where to eat and sleep. This habit can make it extremely difficult, or even impossible, culturing them to go on the designated areas, when they go to their new home. These puppies, being of dubious origin primarily, not getting affectionate people in the early weeks of To live your. Viewed as
inanimate goods, They often have a physiological and psychological problems, which could not be cured.
Beware of the so called. "Self-styled breeders', which are produced by a female frivolous reasons, such as "I wanted to get my money back, I had given her "or" I wanted the children to witness the miracle of birth ". Such people do not take enough time to learn about the breed and breeding plan, which would have improved. Their unlikely female breeding characteristics and their choice of a male litter is probably based more on convenience ("The dog next door"), rather than whether they are suitable for their female. They generally have no experience, or to raise a well socialized, healthy litter. They often do not know about deafness and other health problems and can not wormed or vaccinated dogs correctly. The best way to tell if someone is "self-styled breeder" is just to ask if their dogs at shows and exhibitions than time dealing with the breed. If the answer is: "On, not, do not show, it's just our pet "and / or" What do you mean by how long the breed?”, So talk to "self-styled breeder". View all, the best advice would be to buy a puppy from a reputable breeder and experienced private. You will have a well-habituated, properly monitored by a veterinarian with unimpeachable pedigree puppy; Domashev favorite, with which you can be proud of.
Venazh after you have chosen your puppy, you paid for it and received documents from breeder, the rest of the training depends on you. Training in the basics can start immediately, but remember, you have a baby in the house and you can hold the attention of his / her only for a very short time. To teach a walk on the needs of certain areas is the first command "agenda" and you can help tremendously by taking your pup outside immediately after he eats and after waking from sleep. Once you exit out, lots of praise. It is advisable then to go off to play, because you will forget, the reason, why is gone, is the first place to relieve. Instead, bring him back in and play with him. Take him out to play later, as a separate event from going to relieve. Most puppies catch on very quickly and you will be able to tell it needs to come out, if you watch. Many puppies roll on the floor in a circle with ever decreasing radius; your job is to anticipate the puppy and display. When you grasp the idea, it will start to go to the door, when there is a need to get. Do not forget to lots of praise, when he performs outside, even before it is sprinkled the rug, before removing. Praise for this, the right thing, will put your Dalmatian "on track" faster, than punishment, when wrong.
We recommend that you buy a cage for your Dalmatian. This is a metal or plastic house for your dog, in which it can stand in the house during the time, when you are not around to supervise. All dogs have a "denning instinct" and your dog's crate will be in his mind his own "den" or "cave". You should never punish him in the cage; she is his little home. Crating will help immeasurably culturing his defecating, because any normal brand dog hates to wet themselves again in his bed and "squeezing", while in cage. (Hence the difficulty in dogs pet shops, because they
are used to "do their job" in bed). Cell can you help when you are not alone and you want your dog to be closed. It is a comfortable and pleasant place, where can your dog, when traveling by car. When you need to leave the house for an hour or two, your dog will be in place, which feels safe and where it can not damage to the house, nor yourself. When you buy a cell, watch to make sure, it will fit comfortably on your Dalmatian and when he grows up.
Do not turn off the ability to get an adult Dalmatian, not just a little puppy. Some breeders have adult Dalmatians, which could be established in suitable homes anytime, and associations to "save" always have a Dalmatian dog, need of loving people. Most Dalmatians easily adapt to a new home and completely settled in it within two to four weeks. The advantage of older dogs, they are accustomed to walk out and need have been through the chewing stage. Depending on, individual dog, an adult may also already be habituated to stay in a cage, do not bite, not lie on the furniture, not to jump on people and can even be trained for basic obedience. If you take your puppy, will have to do all this yourself. Adult Dalmatians usually do very well in situations, when the owner is at work throughout the day or the elderly, seeking companionship, but feel, it could not effectively care for a puppy.
General Care
Daily care Dalmatian little time and effort, but you have to make regular, so that he constantly feels and looks best possible way dbriya. Dalmatian substantially no smell and does not usually need to shower over 3-4 times a year, unless the dog becomes dirty and stained frequently, or if you need a medicated bath, because of fleas or ticks. Use a mild shampoo for dogs and make sure, that rinse all the soap out of the coat, otherwise it can become dry and cause itching. If you find fleas or ticks on your Dalmatian, use shampoo, designed to remedy them. Start the dog's head and back towards the tail. Gently lather well into the coat, including the legs and feet, as fleas often hide between the toes, cover until it completely. Keep good eyes and ears of the dog from moisture.
A good brushing with a medium bristle brush for dogs, comb or mitt every day or every other day will make your hair shiny and Dalmatian will help reduce hair fall. Trim nails (just twist the sharpened shorter) once a week, so they do not grow too long and cause him discomfort when walking. Check his ears once a week. If you see mucus inside or feel strong odor, clean the ear canal with a swab, dipped in baby oil. If the odor persists or the dog shaking his head and scratching his ears, have your vet check them for infection. View also the teeth of your Dalmatian, Are you suffering from excessive accumulation of tartar.
Besides the above, you must generally supervise your dog, to make sure, he was cheerful and happy, that is neither too thick, nor too weak and did not eat anything bad for him. Puppies are especially curious and like human babies, everything goes in her mouth. At
moderate attention and awareness on your part, caring for your Dalmatian will not hinder.
Health features
As with any breed of dog, there are some things, related health problems, that you should be aware, when choosing a Dalmatian. One is congenital deafness. It occurs in about 22% of Dalmatians, Although goals are often born deaf puppy litters without. Still, Ethical breeders litters tested for hearing impairment with professional agents trained in, when you have such resources. Test, called BAER-test, measured the hearing sensitivity of each ear for each puppy. Tester pulls out a printout of the test each puppy, that gives you, when you buy. That way you know, that your puppy hears.
As yet, it is questionable for dogs, that monaural. They refer to uni. As a very young puppies uni some difficulty with the direction of hearing (determining the location of the sound source), but usually at the age of about 8 uni week puppy to adapt to this almost impossible and you would be hard for the uninitiated to find uni puppy in a litter. Most experienced breeders say, uni puppies that are ideally suited for pets. Unfortunately not yet clear what might be the factor(s) of inheritance of deafness. Sure, before appearing BAER-test, breeders could only tell if a dog is completely deaf; All had unilateral hearing dogs, unaware that.
Do not take completely deaf dog, even if you give it, I will be a lot of work and probably a disappointment: work, because the dog can not hear you, even the most experienced drivers is rendered Training; probably frustrated, because if your dog ever gets away, he can not hear traffic. You yourself can guess what the outcome. Deaf dog leads a miserable life neurotic, because each hand on his coat on the floor or step startles him, because you can not hear. Most deaf dogs become fearful and timid, that need to be sleep anyway; better to do, once BAER-test proved deaf dog, before a family is attached to it. If you somehow get a deaf Dalmatian, breeder must, according to a code of ethics, to replace the puppy with a sack or return your money and take the dog back.
Another peculiarity, inherent in breed, a direct secretion of uric acid from the kidney, without being converted into a water soluble urea. This is due to the innate characteristics of the breed, affecting metabolism and should not be confused with renal insufficiency and / or incontinence, typical of many breeds in the older age. Worst effects of uric acid (formation of stones in the kidneys / bladder, obstruction of the urethra, septicemia) occur in a small percentage of male Dalmatian and rarely in females. Females, however, may exhibit symptoms of uric-acid syndrome and should be treated, when you receive such. It is likely that the female form stones, but throw them out easier than males.
Developed neutralizing varied diets and treatments to combat Genito-acid syndrome. There seems to be a link between diets high
protein levels and increased stone formation. It appears also, the use of feed wheat, soy or cereal helps to alleviate the formation of stones, Unlike a diet with high levels of protein meat or bone meal based. As for dogs with congenital deafness, stone formation occurs in a relatively small number of animals.
Some Dalmatians receive skin problems and hair, usually worse in the summer months. In some cases, flushing, scratching and shedding can be attributed to an obvious cause such as fleas and ticks, or allergy to flea bites. Other Dalmatians may have an allergy to grass or dust, some may just have a chronic dermatitis. For these types of sensitivity tends to inheritance, so when looking for a puppy, appropriate to see the parents of the litter and ask for possible skin reactions such as puppy.
Besides the above, Dalmatians have any significant problems, as seen in some other breeds, such as hip dysplasia, Progressive retinal atrophy, Willebrand disease, dislocation of the patella (kneecap). They generally are not finicky eaters and do not require expensive supplements to their normal diet, to keep them fit and in good form.
Education and Socialization
It is extremely important to train your Dalmatian to behave like a good citizen and a good neighbor, whether you tackle the job at home or enroll in a training course organized. We recommend you find a good training course in your area, December so you can learn how to handle your dog properly and it can learn what is expected of them in society. Dogs, are not directed and guided, become a nuisance to you and everyone else. Your puppy's breeder can probably recommend a good obedience class for you and your Dalmatian, and some organizations even offer "kindergarten" classes for very small dogs. Train your Dalmatian: You will also appreciate the cooperation of your dog, and your neighbors will appreciate your help!
Equally important for the good being and happiness your dog is, what breeders call "socialization". This means exposing your youngster to new things, new people and new situations. Dog, who pines hotel for dogs and refuses to eat, while the family is out of town, or dog, that growls and backs away from strangers, often the dog, not well-socialized. Take your dog with you always, where possible, especially as a puppy. Walk him on a leash in a shopping mall and let strangers pet him. Take him to the station or airport and getting used to the noise and traffic of people. Put it in as many unusual situations, to make sure, it will not shrink to shrink under stress and that is confident and believes, they will not let anything hurt him. This is especially important for a show dog, because a confident dog will always be ahead of one cowardly, frightened dog.
If you are interested in dog exhibitions, must attend a ring training. There you will learn not only how to properly put your dog and how to present a motion to the judge, but also the correct label for the ring, what to wear and how to prepare
dog. Courses for handling class is often offered by all-breed clubs or professional drivers; your dog's breeder or your local breed club can refer you to a good classes, where to save.
По материали на Dalmatian Club of America. Translation: Milena Atanasova

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