"Official standard Bulgarian language"

"Adopted by the International Federation Cynologique, relevance of 13.10.2010 g)


MISSION: Dog hunting, company, family dog, easily trained for different purposes.
CLASSIFICATION FCI: Group 6 - Goncheta and gave rise to close.
Section 3 - Close Breed
Without working trial
Historical Overview: Traces the origin of the Dalmatian can be found in paintings and church chronicles from the 16th to 18th century. Dalmatian present in the painting "Madonna with Child and Angels" on the altar of the church "Gospa od andjela" in the town of Veli Losinj, остров Losinj, Croatia, dating from 1600 – 1630 g, and the fresco in Zaostrog, Dalmatia region. This implies, that Dalmatian comes from the eastern Mediterranean, in particular historical province of Dalmatia.
The first descriptions found in the Dalmatian Eparchy Djakovo, Croatia, namely in church chronicles of Bishop Petar Bakic of 1719 g, and in ecclesiastical annals of Andreas Keczkemety of 1737 g. The dog bore the Latin name "Canis Dalmaticus" and height is described by 4-5 „Spithamus”. Thomas Pennant описва тази порода в творбата си “Synopsis of Quadrupeds” от 1771 g. many independent, January called Dalmatia Dalmatian and announces to her homeland. В работата на Thomas Bewick, published in 1790 g, breed is described as "Dalmatian or coach dog". The first unofficial standard was written by an Englishman named in Vero Show 1882 g.
After the founding of the first Dalmatian Club in England 1890 g. This standard was adopted as the official standard of the breed.
FCI published the first standard of the breed of April 7 1955 g. with the name "Dalmatian Beagle".
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Mezotsefal (index between the head 50 and 54; Index head = head width x 100 / length of head). The head is shaped prism with hanging ears. The body is rather rectangular, tight, muscular, with distinct spots. Movements should be elegant. The difference between the sexes must be visible.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: Length of body : height at withers = 10 : 9. Elbow length: 50% the height at the withers. Length to hock: 20-25% the height at the withers. Length of head: about 40% the height at the withers. Length of the skull : length of muzzle = 1 : 1.
BEHAVIOUR AND CHARACTER: Pleasant temperament, friendly, not shy or hesitant, devoid of nervousness or aggression. Alive, loyal, independent and easy to train. Dalmatian loves the water and walking outdoors. There are pronounced instinct Beagle.
CHAPTER: The head should be proportionate and in harmony with the rest of the body, not too broad in skull. The ratio of the length of the nuchal crest to stop and from stop to tip of nose is 1 : 1 or muzzle is slightly shorter. The topline of the skull and the topline of the muzzle are slightly divergent (The divergent: in forward projection lines do not intersect never, in back projection meet before the occipital crest). Masticatory muscles and cheekbones should not be too developed. The head should be completely devoid of wrinkles.
Skull: Flat, with slightly rounded sides. Widest between the ears and distinct slepochiya. Slightly pronounced groove.
Stop: Moderate.
Nose: Large, with wide open Nozdra, must have full pigmentation. The color should be consistent with the color of the spots.
Snout: Well developed, with strong jaws, Nasal back is straight.
Lips (Bernie): Strengths, should stick pretty close to the jaw and not pendulous, neither too thick; the corners of the mouth should not be too pronounced. Complete pigmentation is desired.
Jaws / Teeth: Scissor bite, ie. top 6 teeth closely overlapping lower teeth, all teeth are perpendicular to the jaw. It is desirable that the presence of a full set of teeth (42 teeth) (in accordance with the teeth formula). The teeth are flat and white. In older specimens allowed pincer bite.
Eyes: Oval, a front sub-set at an angle 10-15 °. The color of the eyes corresponding to the color of the spots. Eyelids tightly cover the eyeball and not allocated. The edges of the eyelids are fully pigmented, corresponding to the color of the coat.
Ears: Placed high enough, worn close to the side of the head. Length reaches the inner corner of the eye or to stop. Their end is slightly rounded. The ears have the shape of an isosceles triangle. They are fine in texture and soft to the touch. It is very important to have the ear marks, ie. should not be completely black or brown, but must be black or brown spots, etc.. in accordance with color variations of the white background.
NECK: The neck should be strong and long enough, tapering to the head and without loose skin.
BODY: Rectangular, the ratio of body length to height at withers 10 : 9.
Withers: Pronounced.
Back: Strong, equal.
Loin: Short and muscular.
Groats: Muscular, with a slope of less than 30 °.
Chest: Deep and bulky, not too wide or tubby. The depth of the chest must be 45-50% the height at the withers. The height of the elbow 50% the height at the withers. Ribs well arched.
Underline and belly: Belly moderately tucked, but not carved.
TAIL: Set as for croup. Length reaches approximately to the hock or slightly longer. Strong essentially, gradually tapering to the top, not too thick, but in proportion to body. Carried by a sword. Preferably with spots.
General appearance: The forelegs should be proportional to the rectangular body.
Paddle: The angle of the scapula to the humerus is about 115-120 °.
Elbow: Close to body.
Humerus: Bones are developed in proportion with the body and are strong (rounded), forelegs are placed right leg and stand vertically.
Metacarpus (Dolapie): Strongly, nakloneno and slightly elastic.
Forepaws: Toes compact, so-called typical cat paw. The pads are tough and elastic. Preferably be pigmented nails.
General appearance: Proportional to body. Strong and well-developed muscles. Hind legs are parallel.
Hip: Strong and muscled.
Knee (Knee): Strong and well-developed. Tibial angle of 40 ° to the horizontal line.
Hock: Robust.
Hock (Rear dolapie): The length of the hock is about 20-25% the height at the withers. The angle of the hock about 130 °.
Feet: Toes compact, so-called typical cat paw. The pads are tough and elastic. Preferably be pigmented nails.
MOTION: Rhythmic, elegant and smooth. Long stride with a deep and energetic swing. Seen from the front, legs are parallel.
Hair: Short, glamorous, thick and the whole body.
Color: Basic color pure white. Black dotted with black spots, brown dotted with brown spots. Stains should be symmetrically located throughout the body, crisp and without mixing with the basic white color. The spots should be equal in size, diameter is about 2-3 cm. In dotted brown spots are a bit smaller - about 2 cm. The spots on the head and legs are proportionally smaller, than the rest of the body. It is desirable that the tail is also stains, such spots are also proportionally smaller, than those on the body. Spray on the body are not desirable and should be punished. Stains should not be merged, ie to form large dark areas. Shaded areas and colored sections are not desirable. Spots on the ears should be particularly noticeable.
Height at withers: Male: 56 – 62 cm. Female: 54 – 60 cm.
Dogs with excellent type and balance should not be punished, if they exceed the upper limit.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness, which is punishable, must be proportionate to the extent and the effect on the health and welfare of the dog, as well as its ability to perform its traditional work.
– Aggressive or too timid behavior.
– Any dog, showing physical or behavioral deficits, shall be disqualified.
– Конвергентни (convergent) lines of head.
– No more than 6 premulyara, the lack of M3 is not significant and should not be taken as a disadvantage.
– Entropy (curving edge of the eyelids), ektropiya (reverse edge out), Bellman, eyes of different color (heterohromiya), blue eyes.
– Partially colored blue iris.
– Lack of pigmentation on nose.
– Screw in the tail.
– Monocle (patching around one or both eyes), and patching of any other place.
– Tricolor (black and brown spots in the same dog), brindle colored stains, lemon or orange spots, blue spots or pure white, immaculate.
– Curly or long hair.
– Deafness.
NOTE: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles, fully descended into the scrotum.

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